Folklore has an important place in Kalmyk culture for it is a means through which folk knowledge, experience, wisdom and the values of the nation are passed down from one generation to the next.

Kalmyk folklore has a variety of genres, including heroic epics, fairytales, legends, myths, tales, songs, well-wishes, praises, incantations, riddles, sayings, dances and other forms.

These genres have been created and continuously enriched by traditional masters of the word, such as dzhangarchi (dzhangar singers), tuulchi (storytellers), kelmerchi (orators), duuchi (singers), and ordinary nomads alike. Recording noticeable events, these talented people sing and recount them at the first opportunity. It is thanks to them - and scholars who have recorded them - that many precious genres of Kalmyk folklore have reached the modern generation.

Organically connected with its bearers, folklore changes over time along with social change. Although many examples of Kalmyk folklore have been irrevocably forgotten or became unpopular, many genres are still enjoying popularity, in particular those connected with rituals (i.e. weddings, childbirth, hair cutting ceremonies, etc.), and those that have educational value.

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