Alexei Naranov, About Horses and Cattle
After a race it happens that sometimes horses fall ill because of heart failure, fractured bones, and other reasons. Modern methods of treating horses include intravenous administration of drugs. Traditional methods include putting horses on their feet and giving them a strong black tea. People also read prayers. Horse diseases are treated today with antibiotics. The main reason why horses limp is when they have muscle contractions. In this case, one needs to apply oil to the muscles in question.
Bleeding is also practiced. When a horse runs short of breath, especially during long distance races, its ear is cut open to let blood out. When bleeding stops such horses usually stand up and resume racing. When you see a swelling appear on horse skin, you need to bandaged it with a cloth dipped in salty water. It is also possible to smear the swelling with a red clay and then bandage it. Curing ill horses is not very different from curing people.
Horses are loyal beasts. This story occurred in the Soviet times. A Kalmyk horse was sold to Kazakhstan. Three years later it returned by itself accompanied by other horses.
Ochir Badmaev, About Horse Diseases and Horse Racing
Oleg talks about how Kalmyks trained their horses in the past. It is known that horses can see flying objects and that they are also afraid of snakes. Horse training was based on these two principles. When foals were in, children put snakes inside the enclosures so that the foals would get used to them. As foals grew up, snakes were chopped into small pieces and tied to arrows. Then the young horses were shot with these arrows. When horses saw arrows they jumped aside to avoid. In the past during battles Kalmyk warriors dropped their reins loose so that their horses could avoid arrows by themselves.