In spite of the universal education that the state provides to children, the role of domestic education remains important for what Kalmyks call ‘growing up to be a Kalmyk’ which prepares children for adult life in society. Folklore, beliefs, practices related to pastoralism and hunting, and many other kinds of knowledge are taught in the family environment through various games. Games, however, are not exclusive to children. For adults, games also bear educational, entertaining, aesthetic, and bonding significance. Many traditional games reinforce social norms and values. Dramatic social, cultural, and economic changes that took place in Kalmykia over the past century, however, have reshaped and re-prioritized many aspects of traditional domestic education as well as social values, which can be also seen in the changing pattern of games. Here you can view and listen to stories about traditional games that are rapidly losing their popularity and educational significance.

Galina Erdneeva, About Games and Toys


Alexandra Nastaeva and Pupils of Secondary School No 12, Games With Ankle Bones